Derinkuyu Underground City is an ancient multi-level subterranean city located in the Cappadocia region of Turkey. It is one of several underground cities in the area and is believed to have been built during the Byzantine era, possibly in the 8th or 9th century. Here are some more facts about the Derinkuyu Underground City:
- Purpose: The purpose of the Derinkuyu Underground City was to provide shelter and protection for the local population during times of war or persecution. The city is thought to have been able to accommodate up to 20,000 people, along with their livestock and food supplies.
- Architecture: The underground city is made up of several levels, with the deepest level reaching a depth of 85 meters (279 feet). It features a complex network of tunnels, ventilation shafts, and rooms, including living spaces, kitchens, stables, and even a church. The city was built using a combination of natural caves and man-made structures.
- Preservation: It was rediscovered in 1963 and has since been opened to tourists. The city has been well-preserved, and visitors can explore several of its levels and rooms. However, due to its narrow tunnels and low ceilings, it may not be suitable for people with claustrophobia or mobility issues.
- Significance: The Derinkuyu Underground City is an important part of Turkey’s cultural heritage and provides insight into the daily life and traditions of the people who lived in the region centuries ago. It has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage site and is considered one of the most impressive underground cities in the world.