Ephesus was an ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, located in what is now modern-day Selcuk in Turkey. The city was founded in the 10th century BC and was later conquered by the Persians and then by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC. It became a major center of trade, culture, and religion during the Roman Empire, and was one of the largest cities in the Mediterranean world.
The city was home to many important sites and structures, including the Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the Library of Celsus, a grand public library that housed over 12,000 scrolls. The city also had a large amphitheater that could seat up to 25,000 people, as well as many other public buildings and private homes.
Ephesus was an important center of early Christianity, and it is believed that the apostle St. John lived and died there. The city was also home to the Temple of Serapis, an ancient Egyptian god, which was converted into a Christian church in the 4th century AD.
Today, the ruins of Ephesus Ancient City are a popular tourist destination and an important archaeological site. Visitors can explore the ancient city and its many well-preserved structures, including the Temple of Artemis, the Library of Celsus, and the Great Theater, among many others.
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